EDUCATION

Smartphone VS Tablet. What is better and what are their differences

For many years, there has been such a trend that smartphone displays are gradually increasing in size, and against the backdrop of this phenomenon, tablet sales are gradually falling. Many users simply no longer need to use multiple devices at once, but the coronavirus epidemic has revived the tablet market, making it clear that for home use, tablets are a more convenient option and should not be discounted yet.

Differences in design and controls
The main difference between tablets and smartphones is a large screen size, as well as noticeably larger bezels around the display. Despite the fact that tablets tend to become more compact, such devices do not need too narrow frames – otherwise it will be inconvenient to hold them in your hands. And also, the larger the screen, the easier it will be to damage it, so conservatism is also dictated by the issue of protection.

Also, smartphones have more variety in the case materials used – this is not only metal and plastic, like almost all tablets, but also glass, rubber, and, in some cases, ceramics. There are also exclusive models made of silver, gold, platinum and even precious stones. Occasionally, tablets made from unusual materials also appear on sale .

Larger tablet sizes tend to allow more items to be placed on the case – for example, Huawei in its latest models emphasizes the use of four microphones and the same number of speakers. Naturally, the more speakers, the usually better and louder the sound.

10.4″ Tablet HUAWEI MatePad 64 GB 3G, LTE gray 27 999 *
But Samsung often completes its tablets with styluses, creating separate areas for storing them on the body of the devices. Some tablet models also have special contacts for connecting keyboards, which makes them similar to laptops.

10.4″ Tablet Samsung Galaxy Tab S6 Lite 64 GB gray 28 999 *
The convenience of use
If Wi-Fi, and hence access to the Internet, can be found even in the most budget devices, then not all tablets support mobile networks, or some models have reduced functionality that does not allow calls and SMS.

Another problem with tablets is that they do not always have speakers, especially in devices with a screen diagonal of more than 8 inches, which means you need to either use a speakerphone or wired or wireless headsets. However, holding a huge device near your ear in any case will not be very convenient, and, moreover, tablets usually do not have a proximity sensor, so you will have to turn off the screen manually to avoid erroneous clicks.

If there is no need to talk through a separate speaker, then for the rest the tablet seems to be a more convenient option. On a large screen, it is easier to view any content – it can be movies, documents or pages of various sites, but games are usually much easier to control from tablets. At the same time, some games, like applications, may not be optimally optimized for the resolution of tablet displays, which will negatively affect picture quality or ease of operation. But in popular software, such a problem is rare.

NFC is a very rare guest in tablets, and it is especially difficult to find it in modern current models, so you will have to forget about paying for goods and other functionality of the wireless module.

Display
If in terms of screen size, tablets outperform smartphones, then in general the quality of their screens is worse. On tablets, screens tend to have more glare in bright ambient light and have lower pixel density, but that doesn’t really matter as large displays don’t need to be viewed from as close as possible.

Most often, IPS-matrices are used in tablets, which in many cases, although they turn out to be of high quality and have no flicker, such matrices noticeably lose their brightness to a greater extent when they deviate their gaze compared to Amoled displays, and their contrast is many times below. If you need a screen with a natural black color, then only the Samsung Galaxy Tab S5e and S6 models are suitable, but the cost of such devices at the time of this writing exceeded 30,000 rubles. With smartphones, it’s a different story – finding a model cheaper than 20,000 rubles with an Amoled matrix is ​​no longer difficult.

10.5″ Tablet Samsung Galaxy Tab S5e 64 GB black
10.5″ Tablet Samsung Galaxy Tab S6 LTE 128 GB 3G, LTE gray
The most popular now are tablets with a screen diagonal of 8” or more, while the 7” option is of interest to an ever smaller number of users due to the fact that it does not provide clear advantages over smartphones.

7″ Tablet Lenovo Tab M7 TB-7305I 16 GB 3G black
8 499 *
Operating system and software
In most cases, tablets use the same chipsets as smartphones, but there are exceptions. For example, at the popular manufacturer Apple, A12X Bionic single-chip systems and other models with the designation “X” are used exclusively in Pro series tablets, and they are more powerful than smartphone options.

Also, every year exclusively tablet chipsets appear at MediaTek – for example, in July 2020 they announced MT8788, and a year earlier MTK MT8768, MT8183 were presented.

8″ Tablet HUAWEI MatePad T 8 16 GB blue

[1280×800, IPS, 8×2 GHz, 2 GB, BT, GPS, 5100 mAh, Android 10.x] 232 10
The operating system on tablets is slightly different from what you might see on smartphones – it’s better optimized for large-screen operation and may support additional features like better widgets or multitasking apps, support for more gestures, auto-rotation screen (including on the standard desktop, where you can bring more applications) and the list does not end there. Apple, realizing that tablets needed a slightly different approach to control, introduced the iPadOS operating system, which was separated from iOS for smartphones, and it is likely that the same fate awaits Android, which would be a logical step in the evolution of tablets.

A special place in the world of tablets is occupied by devices running full-fledged Windows 10 – such devices can easily replace laptops or PCs, allowing you to work with software, worthy analogues of which simply do not exist on mobile operating systems. These tablets can be connected to the keyboard, which is usually included, and many other devices, including through a full-fledged USB connector. Such tablets also have disadvantages – their high cost, as well as the lack of a large selection among the models presented, and finding a device with support for 4G networks is not an easy task at all.

10.1″ Lenovo Tablet 10 64 GB + keyboard black
Lenovo Yoga Book C930 YB-J912L 256 GB 10.8″ Tablet + Keyboard 3G, LTE gray
cameras
In terms of photo and video capabilities, smartphones are the undisputed winners. They use better and more expensive modules, as well as the total number of cameras in smartphones, while even some relatively expensive tablets do not even have a flash, although it can be useful when photographing in low light conditions. Also, if you need to comfortably photograph the text, you should not consider tablet models without autofocus on the main camera.

The front cameras of tablets also most often cannot boast of good image quality, since their main purpose is not to create beautiful selfies, but to provide video communication.

Navigation
As a navigator, the tablet seems to be a more convenient solution, again, due to the larger screen. Of course, this is provided that the tablet supports GPS, but the support for 4G networks with the ability to access the Internet will make navigation even more comfortable, and it will also not be superfluous to have an electronic compass for quick orientation on the map. Often tablets are used in cars, but some users, for various reasons, prefer to limit themselves to smartphones.

Protection
If finding waterproof and drop-proof smartphones is no problem, rugged tablets are a very niche product that comes with a relatively high price tag.

In Russia, very few models with IP68 protection (from water and dust) are officially sold, and among them are the Samsung Galaxy Tab Active Pro and Samsung Galaxy Tab Active 2 tablets, which still stand out from their counterparts in that they have a removable battery, which is now rare even for smartphones. And don’t think that if a regular tablet is placed in a special protective case, it will immediately equal in strength to protected models – the tablet body will still remain fragile, and in extreme situations the screen is much more likely to fail.

10.1″ Rugged tablet Samsung Galaxy Tab Active Pro 64 GB 3G, LTE black
8″ Rugged Tablet Samsung Galaxy Tab Active 2 16 GB 3G, LTE black
Results
In the battle of tablets and smartphones, it is hardly possible to choose a winner, since each device has its pros and cons, but choosing the best smartphone is much easier, since it is a more popular device that is presented on the market in many options.

Choosing a tablet, if you need not a budget, but a powerful modern solution on Android or iPadOS, will be more difficult – in fact, only options from Samsung, Huawei and Apple brands remain on the market, and sometimes Lenovo manages to offer something competitive. For all its features, the tablet is more suitable for home use due to the large screen, but smartphones are more versatile and portable.

If you need a device on the Windows 10 operating system, then smartphones will not be able to help in any way (unless such models will appear in the future), and the user will have a choice of a few tablets, or it will be easier to consider buying a laptop.

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